As of 15 June 2023, China Mainland has 3,072 higher education institutions (HEIs) nationwide, of which 1,275 undergraduate institutions, 1,545 higher vocational colleges, and 252 adult HEIs. There were also 234 research institutions training postgraduate students. The number of registered students in all HEIs totaled 46.55 million across the country.
Higher education of China consists of curricula education and non-curricula education. Moreover, higher curricula education is divided into Specialty Education, Undergraduate Education, and Postgraduate Education.
China has placed priority on developing education, putting forward the strategy of revitalizing the country through science and education. China has implemented many cross-century quality education projects.
China is committed and striving to build more world-class universities, and investing heavily in higher education. The academic qualifications awarded by Chinese universities are recognized worldwide. As of 2022, China has forged agreements with 58 countries on mutual recognition of qualifications and academic degrees in higher education, the country has also established educational cooperation and exchanges with 181 countries and regions and 46 international organizations.
The Government of Malaysia and the Government of the People's Republic of China (PRC) signed the 'Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Malaysia' on Cooperation in the Field of Higher Education at Putrajaya on 11 Nov 2009. Two countries further signed the 'Framework Agreement to Facilitate Mutual Recognition in Academic Higher Education Qualifications' on 28 April 2011. The main objective of the Agreement is to promote cooperation in higher education and to facilitate student mobility between both countries. For the purpose of implementing the Agreement, the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia has adopted a list of 1243 HEIs in PRC.